Rats

Food and drink

What should I include in my rat's menu?

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Rats are omnivores

rat eatingRats have a very easy dietary pattern, as they are naturally opportunistic omnivores. This means that they can also be given small amounts of animal protein, though this is less important for a rat than for a hamster.

Buy a good food specially for rats, so that you know for sure that your rat is getting everything it needs and is not ingesting too much fatty food because this can easily make them overweight. You should also give them a varied menu of fresh fruit and vegetables. This is definitely good for their health. Don't forget to provide fresh water every day too.

Important information

Five useful tips!

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What should I definitely bear in mind when thinking about buying rats?

  1. rattenRats are very curious and lively animals that can be tamed very easily.
  2. Rats should never be kept on wood shavings/sawdust because of the dust content. Hemp fibre or beech chips are suitable.
  3. Rats are definitely group animals that can be kept as at least two or preferably more animals of the same sex.
  4. Rats must be able to climb in their home. They enjoy this a lot and it's good for them to keep fit.
  5. Rats are curious and like to investigate things so give them plenty of different types of toys, tunnels, climbing tubes etc.

Rats are omnivores

rat eatingRats have a very easy dietary pattern, as they are naturally opportunistic omnivores. This means that they can also be given small amounts of animal protein, though this is less important for a rat than for a hamster.

Buy a good food specially for rats, so that you know for sure that your rat is getting everything it needs and is not ingesting too much fatty food because this can easily make them overweight. You should also give them a varied menu of fresh fruit and vegetables. This is definitely good for their health. Don't forget to provide fresh water every day too.

What should I definitely bear in mind when thinking about buying rats?

  1. rattenRats are very curious and lively animals that can be tamed very easily.
  2. Rats should never be kept on wood shavings/sawdust because of the dust content. Hemp fibre or beech chips are suitable.
  3. Rats are definitely group animals that can be kept as at least two or preferably more animals of the same sex.
  4. Rats must be able to climb in their home. They enjoy this a lot and it's good for them to keep fit.
  5. Rats are curious and like to investigate things so give them plenty of different types of toys, tunnels, climbing tubes etc.

Fun facts!

Five facts about rats

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rattenDid you know... Five fun and important facts about rats!

  1. A rat uses its tail to balance when it is climbing and clambering.
  2. Although some people think rats are dirty, they are actually very clean animals.
  3. Rats are highly intelligent animals and can learn tricks.
  4. Although rats are not picky, they do have clear preferences for particular foods.
    1. Males are usually cuddlier whilst females are more active.

Housing

Tips for a comfortable home!

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rat cageHow do I make my rats as comfortable as possible?

Rats are definitely group animals that can be kept as at least two or ideally more animals of the same sex. The cage should be at least 80 x 50 x 60 cm, but preferably even higher, especially if it is home to two animals. The floor can be covered with beech chips or hemp fibres. Make sure there are plenty of climbing opportunities, tunnels, sleeping houses, hammocks etc. They like to be active. 

 

rattenDid you know... Five fun and important facts about rats!

  1. A rat uses its tail to balance when it is climbing and clambering.
  2. Although some people think rats are dirty, they are actually very clean animals.
  3. Rats are highly intelligent animals and can learn tricks.
  4. Although rats are not picky, they do have clear preferences for particular foods.
    1. Males are usually cuddlier whilst females are more active.

rat cageHow do I make my rats as comfortable as possible?

Rats are definitely group animals that can be kept as at least two or ideally more animals of the same sex. The cage should be at least 80 x 50 x 60 cm, but preferably even higher, especially if it is home to two animals. The floor can be covered with beech chips or hemp fibres. Make sure there are plenty of climbing opportunities, tunnels, sleeping houses, hammocks etc. They like to be active. 

 

For the professionals!

Ambition to breed?

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Are you already familiar with breeding rats? 

rat baby

When you consciously decide to breed, always make sure you have plenty of new homes for the young. Only breed healthy animals with a good character.

A female is fertile once every five days. If the future parents live in a group with other animals of the same sex, it is recommended to put the animals together for a short time and return them within half a day, so that they don't have to decide on a new pecking order with their cage mates. Rats have a gestation period of three weeks and will then give birth to about ten young, known as kittens.

Leave the mother in peace for a couple of days and then start handling the kittens regularly so they become used to being picked up. At the age of six weeks they will be independent enough to leave the nest.

Rewards & treats

I like a snack sometimes too!

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A snack won't do any harm, but always use moderation. 

Everyone likes to treat their pet sometimes, but for pets that live in a restricted space, it's important not to just constantly provide snacks. Witte Molen's snacks for rodents are formulated with care so it's no problem to treat your rats to something tasty now and then. 

rat

Products for rats

Food, bedding and sticks!

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Are you already familiar with breeding rats? 

rat baby

When you consciously decide to breed, always make sure you have plenty of new homes for the young. Only breed healthy animals with a good character.

A female is fertile once every five days. If the future parents live in a group with other animals of the same sex, it is recommended to put the animals together for a short time and return them within half a day, so that they don't have to decide on a new pecking order with their cage mates. Rats have a gestation period of three weeks and will then give birth to about ten young, known as kittens.

Leave the mother in peace for a couple of days and then start handling the kittens regularly so they become used to being picked up. At the age of six weeks they will be independent enough to leave the nest.

A snack won't do any harm, but always use moderation. 

Everyone likes to treat their pet sometimes, but for pets that live in a restricted space, it's important not to just constantly provide snacks. Witte Molen's snacks for rodents are formulated with care so it's no problem to treat your rats to something tasty now and then. 

rat

Frequently asked questions

Can my rat eat human food?

Most of the food we eat is toofatty, salty, sweet or processed for rats. However, a small piece of fresh fruit or vegetable or even a piece of hardboiled egg is good for your rat’s health. Consult the broad range of natural snacks available from PUUR to find other suitable treats for them.

Can my rats eat hamster feed?

Good hamster feed tends to be too fatty for rats and usually contains too many animal proteins, which can aggravate the kidneys unnecessarily. Although this can be beneficial for growing rats, it is best to use specific rat food for adult rats.

My rat washes its paws and feed in his drinking trough. Is that normal?

Some rats do this; it doesn’t do them any harm. Clean the drinking trough a little more often than you normally would, as bacteria can multiply more easily in water.

How can I offer the feed to my rats in a more interesting way?

Rats are very curious animals. Trying hiding the feed in their cage or placing it in an empty box with a few paper scraps in it.

What kind of feed is suitable for my mice?

Mice are real omnivores and need a varied diet. Ideally, their feed should be composed primarily of plant material such as vegetables, seeds and grains. Small amounts of animal proteins can also be included. It is best to choose a good quality feed which is specifically for mice and potentially other small rodents as well, as it takes these needs into consideration. PUUR Mini Hamster & Friends is a good choice as it is a varied feed with lots of small ingredients, so your mice can eat them easily.